How to prepare the soil for gardening

Lectura 5 - 10 min

Generally people pay more attention to the crop or plant, and they don’t give the necessary to what is the best type of soil for gardening, which is sure to have a significant influence on the performance of your garden. Before beginning to cultivate it’s necessary to know and treat the land so it can be in the optimal conditions for the cultivation.

tierra para cultivo

How to do a correct soil preparation

Not all the grounds are the same. We can find mainly two large groups:

  • Sandy soil: It is characterized by poor water retention but a high oxygenation of roots thanks to its good drainage.
  • Clay soil: they are characterized by a high water retention but their weak point is the drainage of water, which brings with it a bad oxygenation of the roots, that is to say the opposite of the sandy.

Identificando la mejor tierra para un huerto

The perfect balance to obtain the best soil for cultivation would be found between both types, having a little argillaceous earth but able to oxygenate the roots and retain the water. Obviously not all of the natural land has this idyllic composition, so to achieve this combination you can include different elements that will help to get a land for a suitable cultivation

  • Arlita: these are heat expanded clay balls that offer good drainage and oxygenation. 
  • Perlite: it’s a very light material that stores air and nutrients so it guarantees a good oxygenation and drainage. 
  • Vermiculite: it’s expanded mica, ideal to give texture to sandy soils and stop the drainage speed as it absorbs water and nutrients. 
  • Compost: is the fertilizer most used, it’s organic matter in decomposition. 
  • Manure: It’s important that the manure is well decomposed. 
  • Earthworm humus: ideal for crops as they provide oxygenation to the roots and texture. 
  • Coconut fiber: light substrate with a high water and nutrient retention capacity, it also provides good aeration. It’s recommended to mix the coconut fiber with earthworm humus.

How to prepare soil for an orchard

1. Remove weed

Preventing weeds is essential and it’s important to clear the soil as well as possible before you begin planting. The cleaner the soil is, the less irrigation it appears.

* Pro Tip: Using a self-irrigation system such as the  Waterboxx, we ensure to some extent that once planted weeds will not appear around the plant, as it acts as a barrier. In any case, it is always advisable to review the garden at least once a week to ensure that the weeds have not reappeared.

However, it’s always advisable to review the orchard or garden at least once a week to ensure that the weeds have not reappeared. To prepare the land for cultivation, it ‘s best to use tools such as the hoe, or watering the soil and the next day with, pulling them out by hand. This method has the advantage that it eliminates the roots.

2. Airing and Mulling

There are several instruments to perform this task: Laya or four-forked jib, digging shovel, etc. To do this work you have to consider that the soil has to have seasoning, that is, it should not be dry. To achieve a seasoning, the soil must be watered abundantly and two to four days later, depending on the heat and humidity, the land can be worked to aerate and smooth it. There is a technique that consists of removing the soil with the shovel, this technique is more respectful with nature because it maintains the structure of the soil. It’s advisable to remove the soil between 20 and 25 cm of depth. It is very important that this operation leaves the soil perfectly prepared for the cultivation of our garden, as much of the success of our harvest will depend on it.

3. Smooth

It consists of leaving the soil for level cultivation, where one of the most relevant aspects is to eliminate the compacted areas that are formed due to tillage the land outside the proper point of seasoning and dry land. These lumps get very hard when they dry. To undo it, it is necessary to irrigate them abundantly and leave them with humidity until the next day, at which time they will be undone easily by passing the back of the rake. If you need to hit, better do it with the back of the hoe. The cultivation area should remain level and the soil with a soft texture and with fine soil granules.

Prepare land for an organic garden

Our recommendation if you want to prepare a plot for an organic garden is to follow the above advice to the letter and also have systems that allow you to achieve your best results. For this we recommend 3 alternatives for you to test yourself and decide which option is better:

  • Plant without any treatment on the ground.
  • Plant with a soil treatment, adding peat.
  • Use an ammonia fertilizer to acidify the soil.

These or any of the above recommendations can help you get all the nutrients and optimal conditions for your crop to grow prosperously.

Escrito por Rafael Toledo Wright
Marketing y Redacción de Contenidos en Accreviri. Apasionado por la ecología y la naturaleza 🌱

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